PineCan has close and well-established business relations with various manufacturers and suppliers in Canada, and with our partners all over the world. As such we are able to establish business relationships with new vendors and partners efficiently and effectively.
Four species, White Spruce, Engelmann Spruce, Lodgepole Pine and Alpine Fir comprise the spruce-pine-fir species group. All yield high grade timber with relatively small, sound tight knots. Lumber produced from spruce- pine-fir Species is marketed together as SPF. SPF lumber is a distinctly white wood, with very little color variation between springwood and summerwood. The wood has a bright, clean appearance, ranging in color from white to pale yellow, with a fine straight grain and smooth texture.
Kiln dried SPF lumber is used as a structural framing material in all types of residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural building applications. Kiln dried SPF lumber is also used extensively in the manufacturing of prefabricated housing, trusses and other structural components. In addition to producing high quality structural lumber, with a little preparation, SPF can be made into very appealing, economical solid wood furniture. SPF lumber is seasoned uniformly in dry kilns to a moisture content of 19% or less. SPF has a high strength- to-weight ratio and is well known for its outstanding working properties. It takes and holds nails exceptionally well and is easily worked with sand and power tools. It has good gluing properties.
The sapwood of the Western Red Cedar is thin with a light-yellow tinge. The heartwood varies in color from light straw to pinkish red to deep, rich brown. The wood is straight-grained and non-porous. It has a distinctive aroma. Weather resistant and highly resistant to decay, Western Red Cedar is ideally suited for exterior applications where durability and dimensional stability is required. Cedar offers low density and shrinkage factors, and exceptional thermal insulation value. Western Red Cedar has twice the stability of most commonly available softwoods. The stability is a result of its low density and shrinkage factors. It lies flat, stays straight, and holds fastenings tightly.
Western Red Cedar is one of the world's most durable woods. Natural resistance to moisture, decay and insect damage has long made Western Red Cedar the premier choice for either interior or exterior home use. Cedar fibers in the heartwood contain natural preservatives that are toxic to decay-causing fungi. The two principal extractives that are responsible for the decay resistance are applicants and water-soluble phenolics. The tree's ability to produce these extractives increases with age, making the outer regions of heartwood the most durable.
The Yellow Cedar is a tough, solid and very durable species that is noted for its hardness and slow growth. Yellow Cedar has a distinctive and uniform yellow color. The narrow band of sapwood is very similar in color to the heartwood. The wood is fine textured and straight grained. Yellow Cedar's natural extractives make it a decay resistant wood and aromatic when cut.
Yellow Cedar is well-suited for flooring and bridge decking because of its strength, hardness and wearing properties. It is resistant to decay, corrosion and weather which makes it a regular choice for industrial uses like flumes, chemical containers, horse stables, floors or outdoor seating in sports facilities. It is used extensively for boat building, sauna manufacturing, fine cabinetry and interior and exterior millwork. Yellow Cedar exhibits notable durability and longevity, being resistant to decay, insect attack and, in salt-water applications, to marine borers. It is considerably harder than most commercially available evergreen and hardwood species and has excellent strength and wearing properties as well as good impact resistance. Yellow Cedar seasons well, remains stable and shows little shrinkage. It works easily with hand or machine tools to a smooth surface finish and appearance.
The three commercially important spruces growing in British Columbia are Engelmann spruce, Western white spruce, and Sitka spruce. In general, spruce wood is light in color, nearly white to pale yellowish brown, with little difference between the sapwood and heartwood. Growth ring figuration is slight. It is usually straight-grained, non- porous, with a fine to medium texture.
Engelmann spruce and western white spruce are part of the spruce-pine-fir (SPF) species group that is used extensively in structural and non-structural applications. Sitka spruce is used in boat building because it is easily shaped and glued. Due to its excellent resonating qualities, it is used as the sounding board in grand pianos, acoustic guitars and other stringed instruments. Because it is stronger than the same weight component made of steel, Sitka spruce is used in building airplane framework components. It has virtually no odor or taste so is suitable for food storage and processing. The wood dries readily with moderate shrinkage, small dimensional movement and minimal tendency to check. It is relatively easy to work and has satisfactory to good machining properties, turns, planes, shapes, sands and finishes well. It glues easily and has moderate nail and screw holding ability.
Douglas fir is Canada's largest tree and comprises two distinct species: Coast Douglas fir and Interior Douglas fir. The sapwood is light in color and of narrow width. The heartwood ranges from yellowish to reddish-brown. Earlywood and latewood have a pronounced difference in color, the latewood having darker, more sharply defined bands. This color difference results in a distinctive grain pattern when flat-sawn. The wood has a fine to medium texture, straight grain and is non-porous. One of Canada's strongest commercial softwoods, Douglas fir is hard and resistant to abrasion, making it suitable for uses where wear is a factor as in trestles, bridge parts, log homes and commercial buildings.
Douglas fir dries easily and rapidly, with good dimensional stability. The wood is hard, strong, straight-grained and seasons well. It machines reasonably well, has excellent turning properties, glues well and has moderate nail. It can be stained or painted to a very good finish. The wood dries readily with moderate shrinkage, small dimensional movement and minimal tendency to check. It is relatively easy to work and has satisfactory to good machining properties, turns, planes, shapes, sands and finishes well. It glues easily and has moderate nail and screw holding ability.
In British Columbia, there are five western pine species, three of which, Lodgepole pine, Western white pine and Ponderosa pine, are commercially important.
The pine wood is light in color, ranging from cream to yellow to pale reddish brown. It is straight-grained, nonporous with a fine and uniform texture. Pine is used for light and medium construction. Lodgepole pine is part of the spruce-pine-fir (SPF) species group that is used extensively in structural and building applications. Ponderosa pine yields clear and factory grades of lumber for further manufacturing.
These species are light in weight and of moderate to medium strength and hardness. The wood dries rapidly with small dimensional movement and little tendency to check. It is relatively easy to work, with good machining qualities. It turns, planes and shapes well and can be sanded to a smooth finish. The wood glues easily, has moderate nail and screw holding ability and takes a good finish.
It glues easily and has moderate nail and screw holding ability. It is one of the prime exports of Canada and it is very popular in some part of the world.
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